What is electron doing in the atom?

Reducing the proton’s charge to ensure that the proton is neutral electrically. If all atoms were positively charged be at war with one another. The way we think of matter is not possible.

However, to answer the question you’re thinking of, the electron within an atom isn’t in any way “orbiting” in the nucleus. Instead, it’s in an quantum state, that is defined by an electrostatic potential as that is well. The position and the momentum of this atom are uncertain, and the potential range of positions can be described as a type of cloud that is fuzzy. Here are some examples for Hydrogen:

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