How To Apply for Asylum Visa In Belgium

How To Apply for Asylum Visa In Belgium

  • In the asylum process, the powers of the asylum authorities is specified under the legislation of the 15th December 1980 on the entry into the territory as well as residence, establishment and deportation from foreigners (the Aliens Act), changed through the laws of the 15th day of September of the year 2006.
  • A person from outside the country who wants to apply for asylum in Belgium must file an asylum request at the Immigration Department.
  • This can be done at the point of the arrival at the border or within 8 working days of the arrival in Belgium in the OEs office or in a centre that is closed or in a prison.
  • The OE will then verify the asylum application as well as the statement of the applicant regarding their identity along with the country of origin and travel.
  • The language where the asylum process will be conducted (French or Dutch) is decided at the time of registration. An interpreter is available to assist the applicant in the event of need.
  • A OE officer will take an interview together with the asylum seeker.
  • Questions concern the reason of asylum seeking and to the possibility of asylum seekers of returning to the country that he or she fled.
  • Later on in the asylum process the questionnaire will be used as the basis for an meeting at CGRS.
  • The OE is also able to determine which EU Members (plus Norway as well as Iceland) that is responsible for the processing of asylum applications.
  • If the application to be granted asylum is denied The applicant is able to file another application, however the OE will only take it into consideration when it is accompanied by new elements relevant.
  • The OE is also authorized to keep the asylum seeker in a locked centre, and also to issue orders to let the asylum seeker leave Belgium.
  • The status of refugee is granted to people from other countries who satisfy the requirements that are set out in Article 1 in the Refugee Convention (1), which defines a refugee as any person who because of a real fear of persecution because of nationality, race, religion or belonging to a specific class of people or viewpoint or political opinion, is not in the country in which he has his citizenship and because of this anxiety, does not wish to take advantage of the protections of that country.

Documents Required Apply for Asylum Visa

Any document that can be used to prove the authenticity of identity,

  • Identity card,
  • Birth certificate of birth

Office Locations and Contacts

The commissioner general for Stateless and Refugees


Boulevard du Roi Albert II, 26 A


Tel: 02 205 51 11

Fax: 02 205 51 15

What Are All The Eligibility

  • Any individual who has a well-founded fear of being persecuted for reasons of race,religion, nationality,Membership of a particular social group or political opinion, unwilling to be protected by the country of his nationality or who, not having a nationality and being outside the country of his former habitual residence for any particular reason is unable or is unwilling to return to such country owing to such fear, and any wife or child over the age of thirteen years is a refugee, and is eligible to apply for asylum.


It’s completely free


Asylum Movement pass is valid for 30 days. This Refugee Identity cards document is valid for a five-year period. The renewal process can be completed at the time of the expiration.

Processing Time

It can take between 2 and 16 appointments that could be made within 6 months to one year prior to when an RSD interview is completed.


  • At present, UNHCR carries out a Refugee Status Determination (RSD) and asylum seekers who meet the requirements that are set forth are given the Mandate Status under UNHCR’s international mandate to protect.
  • The status of a mandate doesn’t grant refugees full rights and status.
  • In the Kingdom of Belgium consider those seeking asylum to be residents of designated camps and are eligible for aid. Beligium regards itself as an asylum-seeking country the duration that a refugee has a valid mandate or is currently pursuing the process of obtaining the mandate or renewing it.
  • The Convention relating to the Status of Refugees (hereafter: Refugee Convention) and has been signed by Geneva on the 28th of July, 1951. This is the primary document to grant refugees the status of.
  • Belgian law explicitly refers to the Convention.

The Information You Need

  • Refugees are required to disclose any information relevant to the grant of asylum.
  • Any document that proves the proof of identification
    • Identity card,
    • Birth certificate of birth

The Document is required Apply for Asylum Visa

It is important to note that the Federal Public Service Foreign Affairs in Belgium is not directly involved in handling asylum requests. The issue of granting refugee status is within the jurisdiction to the Federal Public Service Home Affairs and, more specifically from the Office for Foreigners (OE, Office des trangers) and the Commissioner General to Refugees and Stateless Persons (CGRA Commissioner gnral pour les Rfugis et les Apatrides).

  • A person is regarded as an asylum seeker by the following categories
    • No medical reasons (article 9ter in the Aliens Act) (3);
    • important grounds
    • real risk
    • serious harm.

Serious harm is defined as:

  • execution or death penalty
  • torture or cruel or inhuman treatment or punishment to applicants in their country from which they came;
  • serious and personal threat to the life of a civilian or victim due to indiscriminate violence in the internal or international armed conflict

Information that can be useful

  • It is the sole Belgian authority that has investigating powers for the issue of asylum.
  • The Belgium Authority assesses all asylum requests individually. First, they are evaluated with regard to the Refugee Convention and then regarding the second protection.
  • If the application is in line with the requirements in the Refugee Convention, the applicant will be recognized as refugees.
  • If a person is unable to be identified but has the risk of serious injury in their home country, a subsidiary protection will be provided.
  • If neither status is applicable the Commissioner General will take the decision to refuse to give international protection.

External Links


How To  Apply for Asylum Visa In Belgium
How To Apply for Asylum Visa In Belgium


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